Astrophysicist Debi Prasad Duari said the eastern metropolis will be able to witness the partial solar eclipse, the second in 2022, for a very short duration. The celestial phenomenon will be better observed in the northern and western areas of the country on October 25, according to the officials.
According to Duari, the eclipse will not be observed from northeastern India because to the celestial phenomenon occurring following the sunset in the affected areas.
The whole cosmic catastrophe will be visible from most areas of Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East, and parts of Asia, according to Duari.
"The partial solar eclipse will begin in Iceland at around 2:29 pm IST and will be seen from Russia at its maximum rate at 4:30 hours IST. It will conclude at around 6:32pm ISTover the Arabian Sea," says the author while sharing information on the celestial event.
"The eastern part of the country will see the partial eclipse only marginally, that especially during the sunset. The northern and western part of the country is a better location to observe the partial eclipse with a better view and for a long period of time.
"During the new moon (Amavasya) the Sun, Moon, and Earth are almost identical, resulting in the Sun, Moon, and Earth having a tendency to see the Moon without any sunlight falling on it. At times, as on October 25, the Sun, Moon, and Earth will almost be on the same plane, resulting in the Sun appearing to cover the Sun during a period of time, causing a partial solar eclipse."
- Cosmicflows-4: These Astronomers Mapped Distances of 56,000 Galaxies
The partial eclipse will begin at around 4:52pm, the maximum occurring at 5:01pm, and will not be seen at 5:03pm at the sunset, according to Duari.
"So even at the greatest eclipse, only 4% of the lighted disc of the setting Sun will be covered by the Moon," said the narrator.
The celestial event in Siliguri, in the north Bengal area, will be between 4:41pm and 4:59pm, and during the maximum eclipse (at around 4:56pm), around 8.91 percent of the Sun will be covered by the Moon''s disc, according to Duari.
"In New Delhi, the beginning of the day will be around 4:29pm and culminate with the sunset at 6:09pm, with the maximum eclipse to occur at 5:42pm, when the Sun will be obscured by a amount of only 24.5 percent," said Duari.
Jaisalmer will witness the eclipse from 4:26pm to 6:09pm, with the maximum starting at 5:30pm. when the disc of the Sun will be obscured by 42.5 percent.
"In Mumbai, the eclipse will begin at 4:49pm with the maximum occurring at around 5:42pm. It will conclude at 6:09pm when the Sun appears to go down the Arabian Sea at sunset. Here, the Sun''s disc will be covered by roughly 24.5 percent."
The eclipse will begin at 5:12pm in southern and central India, with Nagpur experiencing it from 4:49pm to 5:42pm. In Bengaluru, the eclipse will begin at 5:49pm, reaching its maximum at 5:55pm during the sunset. Chennai will have the eclipse from 5:14pm to 5:44pm, according to the astrophysicist.
The next major solar eclipse to be visible from India will be an annular eclipse on May 21, 2031, when the annularity can be seen from a narrow patch of land in south India, according to the president.
The next total solar eclipse will be visible from India three years later, in March 20, 2034, and the totality will be observed from Kashmir''s northernmost region.
Duari said that on both occasions, the whole country will observe a small eclipse of several magnitudes depending on its geographical location.
On June 1, 2030, another partial eclipse will be seen from the northern part of India.
Duari cautioned sky enthusiasts to take "extreme caution" while watching the sun in relation to the effects that the Sun''s rays had on the eyes.
"Even if the degree of the partial eclipse is unobservable in most parts of the country, extreme caution must be taken by everybody who wants to observe this cosmic event. The sun''s rays can be very harmful for the eyes and can become critical," he said.