Astronomers spit hot gas bubble spreading unnoticed around the Milky Way Black Hole

Astronomers spit hot gas bubble spreading unnoticed around the Milky Way Black Hole ...

Thursday, astronomers said they have noticed a hot bubble of gas swirling clockwise around the black hole at the centre of our galaxy at "mind blowing."

The detection of the bubble, which had only last a few hours, is hoped to help us understand how these invisible, unsatisfactory, galactic monsters work.

Sagittarius A*, a supermassive black hole, has been discovered in the Milky Way about 27,000 light years from Earth, and his enormous pull gives our home galaxy its distinctive swirl.

In May, the Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration created the first-ever image of Sagittarius A*, which ties radio dishes around the world in order to detect light as it disappears into the scarlet of black holes.

One of those dishes, the ALMA radio telescope in Chile''s Andes mountains, picked up something "really troubling" in the Sagittarius A* data, according to Maciek Wielgus, an astrophysicist at Germany''s Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy.

The Chandra Space Telescope noticed a "huge spike" in X-rays just minutes before ALMA''s radio data collection, according to Wielgus.

According to a new study, this burst of energy, believed to be similar to solar flares on the Sun, sent a hot bubble of gas around the black hole.

According to Mercury''s lead author, the gas bubble, also known as a hot spot, had an orbit similar to Mercury''s travel around the Sun.

While Mercury 88 days is required to make the trip, the bubble did it in just 70 minutes. That means it travelled at around 30 percent of the light speed.

"So it''s a completely, ridiculously fast-spinning bubble," Wielgus said, calling it "mind blowing."

A MAD theory

For around one and half hours, scientists were able to trace the bubble through their data so it was unlikely to have survived more than a couple of orbits before being destroyed.

Wielgus said the observation bolstered a theory known as MAD. "MAD like crazy, but MAD like magnetically arrested discs," he added.

When there is a so large magnetic field at the mouth of a black hole, it is thought to prevent material from being sucked inside.

The problem continues to rise, resulting in a "flux explosion," according to Wielgus, which snaps the magnetic fields and produces a burst of energy.

Scientists want to build a model of the forces that control black holes, which are still unknown by learning how these magnetic fields work.

Magnetic fields might help you to indicate how fast black holes spin, which might be particularly useful for Sagittarius A*.

While Sagittarius A* is four million times the mass of our Sun, it only shines with the power of roughly 100 suns, "which is extreme for a large hole," Wielgus said.

"It''s the weakest supermassive black hole that we''ve seen in the universe we''ve only seen it because it''s very close to us."

According to Wielgus, the center of our galaxy is often a "starving black hole."

"Living next to a quasar," which can shine with the power of billions of suns, "would be a terrible thing," he said.